Laminate flooring is a kind of modern floor coverings made from natural wood flour combined hard pressed to produce melamine HDF Materials and Laminate surface for durable flooring surface with natural wood floors and so limit other institutions in forest wood flooring. Produced on high-tech line, Laminate flooring overcome the weaknesses of traditional materials such as wood termites, warping, moisture-proof, anti-scratch ... The pros: color pattern diversity and cheap laminate flooring. Today, laminate flooring is manufactured in Vietnam with the same quality as the regional manufacturer.
I. COMPOSITION Laminate flooring:
1 Surface coating: the synthesis of melamine resin, also known as layer laminate, which is a special material made up of aluminum oxide and glass fiber. This class is forced at high temperature to melt the thin film instant creation of natural wood grain. This laminate layer acts as a protective layer over make up the depth of color, keep the colors are stable over time, and particularly melamine layers are very high hardness, abrasion resistant large, non-flammable, inert to chemicals commonly used, shock resistant, waterproof and anti-fungal.
2 decorative layer: the layer of wood grain color melamine film, this layer has a thickness of about 0.3 mm. The wood grain color was inspired by the natural trees so kind as pine, oak, ironwood, brake shoe, sandalwood, ironwood, walnut, birch wood ... so very diverse, vivid natural . In modern Laminate flooring, there are still other colors such as brick and stone pattern, fabric mats, more grass can print the pictures.
3 layer high density pressed wood (HDF: High Density Fibreboard) Fibreboard is made from high-density wood pulp and natural additives adhesive (which accounts for about 85% wood pulp). The thickness of the laminate flooring is decided by the HDF class. Quality laminate flooring depends on the core is made of HDF. HDF withstand high usage due to large compression pressure of about 830-850 kg / cm 2, and the specific weight of 850-875 kg / m 3. Laminate flooring manufacturers from Malaysia and Thailand used the HDF is resistant to moisture and be soaked in water for 24 hours
4 liner on the bottom: HD resins, HDPE features moisture, creating a plane and keep the warped floorboards not reduce shrinkage
Both the 4 classes into 200 ° C hot pressed rig during 60-90 minutes form HDFL plate to cool then cut and said locking hook wort into flooring
5 Key Edge: The vertical and horizontal grooves of the hook groove floorboards on the principle of yin and yang tight hook kit together, we are doing exactly that when grafted to create a plane surface. Edge locking laminate flooring has 2 square and semi-circular shape. After the wort production floor scrubbing edge flooring edge, square edge floor transplant will chamfered wood seaming and V when grafted on the floor would clear connection between the two junctions plank
II. BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF Laminate flooring:
1 Anti-scratching: consistent with the small wheels at the foot of the table and chairs. This is one of the characteristics of the particular use of laminate flooring. You can test by pulling and rotating wheels on the floor. Then you check the floor.
2 Fire resistant surface is coated with aluminum oxide crystals are not core plank catches fire and mechanical treatment to reduce the flammability of wood. This feature is interpreted as resistant to high temperatures of candles, lighters, matches and cigarette butts. Test Method Index: EN 438-2, EN 13329, JIS A 5908, ISO 4582.
3 The color fastness to light: no color fading rays of the heart, affects the measured "level 6 on the blue scale and level 4 on the gray scale." This suggests that most laminate flooring retain color fastness even when exposed to harsh sunlight.
4 Anti-fouling: the use of everyday materials such as food, drinks ... The stain is easily removed by wiping with clean water
5 No harmful chemicals health: is a term that is always used in the product information. E1 is the standard limits emissions of government Formaldehyde at 0.1ppm (<0125 mg / m 3 air). The product of these manufacturers also apply this limit.
Bearing 6: Laminate flooring is the way to withstand the force of a heavy object falling on the floor.
7 Key Generation 2 pm wort, easily installed quickly and without glue.
Laminate flooring 8 cheaper than natural wood flooring and laminated wooden flooring techniques.
III. Scratch AC, Laminate flooring E1 of what?
1 AC (abrasion Class): abrasion resistance, scratch resistance. AC3 abrasion resistant surface with a dedicated test about 2,000 rounds, 4,000 rounds AC4. AC Testing Machine as sanding machines spinning at 10 revolutions / minute, sandpaper type C10 transitions to animals directly on the wood floor.
2 E1 (Formaldehyde Emission). Currently, E1 standard limits emissions of government Formaldehyde at 0.1ppm (<0125 mg / m 3 air). With this indicator to ensure emissions do not harm human health term use. Some updates on the market flooring, wood flooring manufacturers in Europe are preparing for the kind of product standards E0 (the lowest possible toxic).